One common side effect of any cancer treatments is blood dyscrasias or problems. As a cancer treatment like chemotherapy or internal radiation attack rapidly dividing cells of the blood, neutropenia and thrombocytopenia ought to be addressed by medical and nursing staff when the patient is undergoing cancer therapies.
Neutropenia is the medical term used to name a low white blood cell (WBC) count. WBCs are essential to an individual’s health as they are the blood cells that fight against microorganisms and the possible infections these germs may produce. Unfortunately, a cancer treatment like internal radiation damages these cells together with the cancer cells. If a person does not have enough white blood cells in his body, he can easily develop infections. Here are some of the special measures to deal with neutropenia.
The patient under cancer treatment is placed in a private room if possible. As being with other patients who have other health conditions may simply infect an immunocompromised cancer sufferer.
Health professionals like nurses who take care of the cancer patient should wash hand prior to touching the patient or any of his belongings. It can reduce the possibility of microorganism transfer.
The number of individuals entering the patient’s room should also be limited. A person who is in cancer treatment has a weak immune system and can easily pick up germs from folks who come in contact with him.
On the other hand, thrombocytopenia is the scientific term for a low platelet condition. Platelets are vital blood components too as they prevent people in cancer treatment from hemorrhaging. If folks have inadequate platelets in their system, they can bleed to death.
To prevent bleeding in an individual who is under a cancer treatment, he should be normally handled in a gentle manner. For instance, a lift sheet ought to be utilized when positioning or moving the patient in bed. Intramuscular (IM) injections are also avoided. When IM injections and venipunctures are unavoidable, the smallest-gauge needles are used. Firm pressure on the site of a needle puncture is applied for around 10 minutes too. This is to allow platelets and clotting factors to work its function. Ice may also be applied to areas of trauma.
As bleeding in patients may be internal, abdominal girth should be measured on a daily basis. Also instructing men to utilize an electric shaver instead of a manual razor are also very helpful. Clients are encouraged not to blow their noses too hard as well. Directions of using soft-bristled toothbrush, no flossing and making sure that dentures do not rub and fit well are useful too.
Development of infections and risk of hemorrhage are very dangerous and should always be taken into account. So, if you are taking care of a family member or the one undergoing cancer treatment, be sure to keep these in mind.